SEEFOR 2 (2): 101-107
The Silviculture of Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Hungary: a Review
Károly Rédei 1*, Imre Csiha 1, Zsolt Keserű1, Ágnes Kamandiné Végh1, Judit Győri2
1 Forest Research Institute, Püspökladány Experimental Station, Farkassziget 3, 4150 Hungary
2 Faculty of Agriculture, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Böszörményi u. 138, 4032 Hungary
* Corresponding author: e-mail: email@example.com
RÉDEI K, CSIHA I, KESERŰ Z, VÉGH AK, GYŐRI J 2011 The Silviculture of Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in Hungary: a Review. South-east Eur for 2 (2): 101-107. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15177/seefor.11-11
Background and Purpose: Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) was the first forest tree species introduced and acclimated from North America to Europe at the beginning of the 17th century. Although native of North America, black locust is now naturalized and widely planted throughout the world from temperate to subtropical areas. In Hungary, this species has played a role of great importance in the forest management, covering approximately 23% of the forested area and providing about 19% of the annual timber output of the country. Due to the increasing interest in black locust growing in many countries, this study has been compiled with the aim of giving a summary on the basis of research and improvement connected with the species over the past decades.
Material and Methods: Black locust forests in Hungary have been established on good as well as on medium and poor quality sites. Establishment of black locust stands producing timber of good quality is possible only on sites with adequate moisture and well-aerated and preferably light soils, rich in nutrients and humus. Black locust forests on medium and poor quality sites are utilized for the production of fuel wood, fodder, poles and props, as well as for honey production, soil protection and environmental improvement.
Results and Conclusion: Hungary has got much experience in black locust growing, as it has been grown for more than 250 years in the country. It is a fast growing, nitrogen fixing, site tolerant, excellent coppicing species with frequent and abundant seed production and relatively high yielding potential. It has a durable and high quality wood, which is used for many purposes. Being aware of the importance of black locust, forest research in Hungary has been engaged in resolving various problems of black locust management for a long time, and a lot of research results have already been implemented in the practice.
Keywords: black locust (Robinia pseudoacaia L.), clone selection, stand establishment, tending operations and yield, dendromass production, diseases
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