- Download PDF - 

SEEFOR 2 (2): 109-113
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15177/seefor.11-12 

Professional paper


Calculation of Economic Rotation Period for Even-Aged Stand in Croatia

Stjepan Posavec 1*, Karlo Beljan 1, Silvija Krajter 2, Dario Peršun 3

1 Faculty of Forestry, University of Zagreb Department of Forest Inventory and Management, Svetošimunska 25, 1000  Zagreb, Croatia
2 Croatian Forest Research Institute Division for Forest Management and Forestry Economics, Trnjanska cesta 35, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3 Kontese Nere 23, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

* Corresponding author: e-mail:  

POSAVEC S, BELJAN K, KRAJTER S, PERŠUN D 2011 Calculation of Economic Rotation Period for Even-Aged Stand in Croatia. South-east Eur for 2 (2): 109-113. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15177/seefor.11-12  

Cited by:        CrossRef        Google Scholar


Background and Purpose: Even-aged forests prevail in Croatia’s forestry. Rotation period is based mostly on natural parameters. In practice, rotation period is given by Croatian Rulebook of forest management. Cutting age is determined based on inventory data and many other stand characteristics. Rotation period is a planned time and it always has to be unique for particular tree species, and cutting age is the age of a stand at the moment of the final cut. The aim of the paper is to compare rotation period based on economic parameters and rotation period determined by using forest inventory data.
Material and Methods: Owing to absence of long term stand calculation data, research object was taken from Forest Management Handbook (1995). Mean annual increment (MAI) and current annual increment (CAI) provided fundamental data for calculations. The research was conducted at one hectare Common Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) stand. Assortment structure and value of timber was estimated by the present cutting value method calculated by using Croatian forests Ltd. Price list for the year 2008. Labor costs in forest exploitation were also taken into account.
Results and Conclusion: In order to achieve cost-effective management of common beech stands, it is necessary to adjust current optimal rotation period. Optimal rotation period should be based on management goals as the main factors. So far the most common criterion adopted in Croatian forestry has been the rotation of maximum sustained yield or maximum Mean annual increment. The presented results indicate that common forest management practice should be changed in order to achieve cost-effective management of beech stands in the future.

Keywords: forest economics, economic rotation period, even-aged forests, common beech (Fagus sylvatica L.)


  1. SABADI R 1985 Prilog raspravi o dužini ophodnje u šumama hrasta. Sumar list 109 (1-2): 7-15
  2. SAASTAMOINEN O, MATERO J 2006 Introduction to forestry, forest policy and economics. European Forest Institute – University of Joensuu. p 95
  3. MÖHRING B 2001 The German struggle between the 'Bodenreinertragslehre' (lant rent theory) and 'Waldreinertragslehre' (theory of the highest revenue) belongs to the past - but what is left? For Policy Econ 2 (2): 195-201. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1389-9341(01)00049-1
  4. HYYTIÄINEN K, TAHVONEN O 2003 Maximum sustained yield, forest rent or Faustmann: does it really matter? Scand J Forest Res 18: 57-469. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02827580310013235
  5. VIITALA E-J 2006 An early contribution of Martin Faustmann to natural resource economics. J Forest Economics 12 (2): 131-144. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfe.2006.04.001
  6. NAUTIYAL JC 1988 Forest Economics. Principles and Applications. Canadian Scholars’ Press Inc. Toronto, p 581
  7. THE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND WATER MANAGEMENT 2006 Regulation on forest management. Official Gazette, Zagreb 111
  8. KLEMPERER DW 2003 Forest Resource Economics and Finance. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Collage of Natural Resource, p 551
  9. KLEPAC D 1965 Uređivanje šuma. Školska knjiga, Zagreb, p 341
  10. ZHANG D, PEARSE P 2011 Forest economics. UBC press, Vancouver, Toronto, p 390
  11. FIGURIĆ M 1996 Uvod u ekonomiku šumskih resursa. Šumarski fakultet, Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, p 244
  12. ČAVLOVIĆ J 2010  Prva nacionalna inventura šuma Republike Hrvatske. Ministarstvo regionalnog razvoja, šumarstva i vodnog gospodarstva, p 300
  13. MEŠTROVIĆ Š, FABIJANIĆ G 1995 Priručnik za uređivanje šuma. Hrvatske šume d.o.o., Ministarstvo poljoprivrede i šumarstva, p 416
  14. NENADIĆ Đ 1922 Računanje vrijednosti šuma i šumska statika. Hrvatsko šumarsko društvo, Zagreb, p 422
  15. CROATIAN FORESTS LTD. 2008 Interne prodajne cijene usluge radnika, strojeva i vozila. Hrvatske šume d. o. o. Zagreb
  16. POSAVEC S, ZELIĆ J, FLISZAR I, BELJAN K 2011 Implementation of Cost Calculation Model in Forest Evaluation of Požega Forest Administration. Croat J For Eng 32 (1): 457-467
  17. CROATIAN FORESTS LTD. 2008 Cjenik glavnih šumskih proizvoda, Hrvatske šume d.o.o.,  p 32
  18. FIGURIĆ M 1996 Uvod u ekonomiku šumskih resursa. Šumarski fakultet, Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, p 244
  19. POSAVEC S, ŠEGOTIĆ K, ČAKLOVIĆ L 2006 Selection of biological parameters in valuation of natural resources. Period biol 108  (6): 671-676
  20. PRKA M, ZEČIĆ Ž, KRPAN APB, VUSIĆ D 2009 Characteristic and Share of European Beech False Heartwood in Felling Sites of Central Croatia. Croat J For Eng 3 (1): 37-49


© 2015 by the Croatian Forest Research Institute. This is an Open Access paper distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0).